Facing the New President
The new president should answer what mechanisms he
would employ for the reform of such a structure; a structure which turns
such wealth into dissatisfaction in the society.
According to a simple management rule, 20 percent of the defects cause 80
percent of the problems. It would be better if the 11th president
offered his plans for passing through the problems the country is facing.
The major critical challenges are currently as follows:
If you speak to the people in the street you will find out that they are
generally concerned about two issues and seek their solutions.
Inflation: In recent years inflation has always been two digits and
according to a report released by the Central Bank of Iran inflation in the
calendar year 1391 (ended March 20, 2013) the inflation soared to 31.5%. The
report however has its own critics!
Unemployment: A report published by the Islamic Republic of Iran
Broadcasting (IRIB) referred to creation of job opportunities last year as
meager. The government however rejects the report. What is important is the
need for jobs and the concern of millions of the youth looking for
employment opportunities. Jobs can build confidence in the society and
unemployment is the source of numerous cultural abnormalities.
During the past eight years, over 700 billion dollars have been earned
through oil. About 1000 thousand billion rials of the units under Article 44
of the Constitution have been sold and a similar figure has been fetched
through saving bonds. Such revenues have been unprecedented in the history
of the country. The output of this wealth has been nothing other than
inflation and stagnation in the society. The new president should answer
what mechanisms he would employ for the reform of such a structure; a
structure which turns such wealth into dissatisfaction in the society.
Economic growth is in need of constant improvement and business environment.
Despite the presence of immense God-given resources, intelligent and
initiative manpower, standing in the 144th place among 183
countries in business environment is not acceptable. Until such an
atmosphere is not reformed in terms of structure, it is unlikely for
economic growth to be observed. This issue and its reform is a prerequisite
for growth. What are the next president's plans to solve this issue and
improve Iran's ranking at international level?
During recent years we have been witness to the heavy growth of current
budgets and half-finished development projects. In the calendar year 1391
(March 2012 – March 2013), some 970,000 billion rials of the budget were
realized of which 110,000 billion rials were allocated to development
projects. Many of the development projects are non-economical. Even if they
are economical they could not be justified with an annual allocation of 5 to
10 percent. In the meantime, many of the important plans of the country are
in a state of uncertainty. How such a situation could be organized?
Figures released on government debts to the banking system, contractors and,
the Social Security Organization are a source of concern. Increase in
liquidity from 680 thousand billion rials in 2004-2005 to 4,440 thousand
rials in 1391 is also important.
What would be the new president's program for controlling liquidity which is
the root cause for inflation and for coping with debt management?
Statistics and Information
The people have a right to know. The people of Iran in the past 34 years
have shown that they would defend the Islamic Revolution by all means. With
such a people honesty is a principle. Contradiction between government
statistics and other centers would cause some sort of mistrust. On the other
hand, not knowing the truth not only would not help solving the problems but
would make them more complicated. It would be better if the new president
expressed his views on the power and authority of official statistics
Precise and fair expression of problems and presentation of practical
mechanisms in addition to conveying more information to the society would
also keep people's expectation at the level of realities and thus maximum
advantage could be taken of people's participation. Dealing with topics such
as increasing the amount of subsidies with regard to the issues mentioned is
somehow escapism and deepening of the problems. Iran is a country with
infinite material and moral capital and has experience in going through
important crises. Sound understanding of the issues and benefiting from
public participation is a basis for leaving behind the problems.