Much Time to Redress
poverty, and loss of employment opportunities have been among the kind
of damage the society has sustained in recent years.
recent years the low income population in the country has played a special
part in the political competition among election candidates. Every candidate
by promising to pay more cash subsidies would try to put greater emphasis on
the issue in order to outdo rivals.
Different sectors of the country, including economic, social and cultural,
during the activities of the ninth and tenth governments have sustained
great damage the compensation of which in case of sound planning would be
possible in the course of the next four governments and after that
development plans of the country could be followed up.
During the ninth and tenth governments, generating employment and creating
job opportunities had a reverse trend as plans for creating job
opportunities stopped and were not implemented according to some forecasts.
Instead due to implementation of some incorrect policies the number of
unemployed in the country increased. Improvement of the status quo is not
possible except trough the reform of the pillars which have been ruined in
Under the principlist government, we were witness to development of big
economic monopolies which although founded during the "reconstruction era"
(post-Iraq war period), it took momentum under the principlist government
and reached its peak and continues to grip the society. Such monopolies
during the mentioned period were as such that it confined and minimized the
possibility of presence of capitals of the private sector. The barrier which
was created by this trend for the presence of the private sector prevented
innovation and entrepreneurship of the private sector and this
marginalization of the private sector affected the economy.
eliminate this monopoly and monopoly-seeking is one of the main and biggest
challenges and problems of the next government and the governments to come.
As long as this trend has not been halted and improved there would be no
possibility for implementation of development plans in the country and
improvement of the status quo.
Another legacy left by the incumbent government is concentration on the low
income strata with an aim of attracting more votes. Now the candidates in
the midst of the upcoming presidential elections are raising their slogans
with awareness of the huge masses of the needy. The underprivileged masses
in order to preserve and sustain the subsidies and receive monthly cash
payments or increase the amount they receive now would vote for those who
could maintain the trend. And this is the point where they would sustain
serious economic and social damage.
Unemployment, inflation, poverty, and loss of employment opportunities have
been among the kind of damage the society has sustained in recent years. The
only way to counter this dilemma is through directing resources towards
production and generation of employment which has otherwise been spent on
cash payments. Continued allocation of cash subsidies could inflict
irreparable damage on the country. Furthermore, continuation of the same
trend is not possible. The next government as a first step should make a
decision on the subsidy law and the process for its implementation and
continuation. By drawing up a sound plan it should put an end to the cash
payments and instead support the production sector with an aim of creating
more job opportunities in order to check inflation and unemployment.
Rendering free medical care, education, and transportation to the needy and
low income people was among recommendations that was presented as an
alternative to cash payments to the entire community. The government by
paying the least attention to this issue started to pay cash subsidies which
resulted in higher inflation and unemployment, closure of factories and
adding to the number of unemployed.
The next government should put its main focus on production and consider it
the main axis for its activities and decision makings. Meanwhile, reduction
of inflation is another priority of the next government which should be
taken into account. One of the main ways for accomplishment of this goal is
downsizing the government. The government is the main applicant in the
country and by downsizing it a significant volume of demands would decrease
in the society. Moreover, through reduction of costs and extravagant
activities of the government the inflation could be checked. In addition to
these programs, the government should make the foreign exchange rate and
interest rate transparent in order to be responsive to the production